Fatima was elevated to town in 1977 and gained the city status in 1997. Due to its history and the events that once has witnessed, many describe it as the land of miracles or the city of peace. The year 1917 left an indelible mark in this special Portuguese corner, at the time a peaceful and bucolic place where little or nothing happened, except the rural and simple life of its inhabitants. It was precisely in that year that three children witnessed a phenomenon later known as the milagre de Fátima (Fatima miracle).
On May 13, a lady described as brighter than the sun and involved in an aura of light, appeared to three little shepherds named Lucia, Jacinta and Francisco, in a place called Cova da Iria, now one of the most important destinations for the Christian faith. Since then, Fatima has become an altar to the world — a pilgrimage place full of spirituality and a meeting point for believers.